Do your care providers and birth setting practice patient-centered care? If not or you're not sure, read on to see what this proven health-care model can do to improve your health and birth experience.
According to the Institute of Medicine, patient-centered care takes into consideration patients’ personal preferences, cultural traditions, values, families, and lifestyles. Patient-centered care empowers patients to be responsible for their self-care. It reduces the use of healthcare interventions that are unwanted, inappropriate, or not needed.
Patient-centered care is not a new concept in healthcare. In 1996, JAMA (the Journal of the American Medical Association) published an important paper by Laine and Davidoff that discussed the history of medicine in the United States. In this paper, the authors talked about how there has been a gradual shift in medicine from physician-centered care to patient-centered care. This shift has taken place at different times for different medical specialties.
Another definition has been offered by Donald Berwick, the President of the Institute for Healthcare Improvement:
"Patient centered-care includes transparency, individualization, recognition, respect, dignity, and choice in all matters— no exceptions– related to one’s person, circumstances, and relationships in health care. In other words, it is care that is wanted and needed provided at a time when it is wanted and needed."
Donald Berwick argued that patient-centered care can be boiled down to 3 simple principles:
- The needs of the patient come first.
- Nothing about me without me.
- Every patient is the only patient.
True patient-centered care is both necessary care and wanted care. The patient and the provider are team players. They have different skills and different sets of expertise, but they are equals, nonetheless.
At WHASN Central, we believe patient-centered care is the best way to practice. Schedule an appointment with us to learn more!